Heriu I


Heriu I1, prophet..., prophet of Ptah, High Priest of Letopolis2; paternity unknown, here suggested to be the son of Ankh-hapi, High Priest of Letopolis3, and of Neferu4; here identified with Heriu, god's father, prophet5, father of Ahmes6 by Tanetamun7; probably also father of Horemhotep III8 and of Wennefer9 by Tanetamun10, chronology unknown, probably mid-late third century BC11.

[1] PP III 5360a. Gr: Herieus. The name is written with an ib sign, and so is frequently transcribed !r-ib (Herib) rather than !ri-w. J. Quaegebeur, JNES 30 (1971) 239, 253 n. 87, notes that the Greek rendition is in favour of !ri-w, which makes sense to me; he regards the ib as a determinative. Ý

[2] Florence 2179, see M-L Buhl, The Late Egyptian Anthropoid Stone Sarcophagi 99 (F, a 14), with corrections by H. de Meulenaere, BiOr 17 (1960) 32, 55. Ý

[3] Heriu I was born before c260. Ankh-hapi married Nefertiti, the sister of Anemhor II, HPM, who was born in 289. In all likelihood, Nefertiti's age was comparable, so the marriage took place c. 270. Ankh-hapi was succeeded as HPL by their son Horemhotep II, who cannot have been born much before 270 on this model. Therefore the suggestion of J. Quaegebeur & A. Rammant-Peeters, GM 148 (1995) 71, 84f., that Heriu I was the son of Horemhotep II, while not completely impossible, seems very unlikely. On the other hand, their argument that the transmission of offices in the rare cult of Senenmaat shows that the later HPLs were descended from Ankh-hapi seems quite plausible. If so, Heriu I should be closely related to Ankh-hapi and chronologically he was almost certainly a son. Ý

[4] Florence 2179. Ý

[5] Louvre C 316, see E. A. Otto, ZÄS 81 (1956) 109. Although not titled an HPL in this stele, it appears that he was the father of up to three HPLs. Further, there are good grounds for believing that Ahmes was of the same family as Ankh-hapi, hence so was Heriu I. The mothers of Heriu II and Heriu III are both known, and we also have the sarcophagus of Heriu II, so Florence 2179 cannot be the sarcophagus of one of these HPLs. The other known sarcophagi of the Ptolemaic HPLs are all reasonably datable to the third or early second century BC, which is also the period of the life of Heriu I. Finally, the Heriu HPL of Florence 2179 does not appear to be connected to the cult of Arsinoe II, which suggests he predates Ahmes. Hence it seems reasonable to identify him with Heriu I. Ý

[6] Louvre C 316. Ý

[7] Louvre C 316. Ý

[8] See discussion under Horemhotep III. Ý

[9] See discussion under Wennefer. Ý

[10] See discussions under Horemhotep III and under Wennefer. Ý

[11] The starting point is the chronology of Heriu II, who was born in 214 and was the eldest son of Ahmes. Ahmes was therefore born before c. 235. Further, Ahmes' probable great nephew, Wennefer, was an adult before the death of Ahmes in 183. Wennefer's grandfather, Wennefer HPL, was therefore born before c240. Heriu I was therefore born before c. 260. Ý

Update Notes:

7 December 2002: Created page

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