« A.U.C. 561 = 193 B.C. »

J. Briscoe, A Commentary on Livy Books XXXIV-XXXVII 23 argues that this year was intercalary, since Livy 35.7 describes a law for regulation of debts that required debts to be declared as of the date of the Feralia, which had just passed. This festival is two days before the Terminalia, the point at which an intercalary month is inserted. Briscoe accepts Michel's arguments that dates given by festival indicate that the year is intercalary, and on this basis supposes that this year must be intercalary; the argument is accepted by P. Brind'Amour, Le calendrier romain 142. But Michels' argument is at best questionable. Against the possibility of an intercalation in this year, one may note that there had clearly been a long period without intercalation immediately before it, and that a law regulating intercalation was passed two years later. This suggest that the lack of intercalation continued until the law was passed. There is no obvious reason why it should have been resumed in this year. On the other hand, there was almost certainly at least one intercalation around this time. It is usually supposed to fall in A.U.C. 563 = 191, but the case is not strong, and this year is a reasonable alternative.

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