« A.U.C. 595 = 159 B.C. »
Polybius 32.1.4 notes that an embassy from Ariarathes of Cappadocia was seen by the senate and immediately discharged, before the beginning of winter (i.e. before c. 7 November 160). This was followed, after the consuls for this year had entered their term, by a meeting with Attalus. P. Derow, Phoenix 27 (1973) 345 at 355, notes that A.U.C. 587 = 167 and A.U.C. 588 = 166 are both known to be intercalary, so that Id. Mart. of this year could not possibly be earlier than 17 November 160 if the eclipse synchronism of A.U.C. 586 = 168 is accepted. P. Marchetti, BCH 100 (1976) 401 at 406 argues to the contrary that this passage indicates that Id. Mart. in this period was in late October, and therefore the synchronism of A.U.C. 586 = 168 should be rejected. P. Brind'Amour, Le calendrier romain 129 correctly notes that Polybius gives no indication of the amount of time between the two events. Hence this passage does not indicate a synchronism.
On the reconstruction suggested here, Id. Mart. of this year was in mid February 159.
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