« A.U.C. 597 = 157 B.C. »
Polybius 32.10.1 notes that Ariarathes of Capadocia arrived in Rome while it was "still summer" (i.e. before c. 7 November 158), and once the new consuls Sex. Julius Caesar and L. Aurelius Orestes had entered into office began lobbying for support. P. Derow, Phoenix 27 (1973) 345 at 355, notes that A.U.C. 587 = 167 and A.U.C. 588 = 166 are both known to be intercalary, so that Id. Mart. of this year could not possibly be earlier than 28 October 158 if the eclipse synchronism of A.U.C. 586 = 168 is accepted. P. Marchetti, BCH 100 (1976) 401 at 406 argues to the contrary that this passage indicates that Id. Mart. in this period was in late October, and therefore the synchronism of A.U.C. 586 = 168 should be rejected. P. Brind'Amour, Le calendrier romain 129 correctly notes that Polybius gives no indication of the amount of time between the arrival of the embassy and the start of the consular term. Hence this passage does not indicate a synchronism.
On the reconstruction suggested here, Id. Mart. of this year was in mid February 157.
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