Ptolemy VI



Ptolemy VI Philometor1 king of Egypt, son of Ptolemy V by Cleopatra I2, probably born in Pharmouthi year 19 (Eg.) of Ptolemy V = 7 May-5 June 1863, possibly on 28 Hyperberetaios year 19 (Mac.)= c. 26 May 1863.01, possibly victor in the Panathenaia of 1823.1, succeeded c. Mesore year 25 (Eg.) of Ptolemy V = September 1804, ruler under Cleopatra I as senior ruler till her death between 9 Mesore year 3 = 20 September 178 and 9 Thoth year 5 = 14 October 1775, then under the regency of the eunuchs Eulaios and Lennaios till declared of age in about January 1696, incorporated in the dynastic cult with Cleopatra II in c. March 175 as the Mother-loving Gods, Qeoi FilomhtwreV7, took Cleopatra II and Ptolemy VIII as corulers probably on 1 Thoth year 12 = year 1 = 5 October 1708, then fled Alexandria (after considering or attempting flight to Samothrace) in early 169 to join Antiochus IV Epiphanes, his maternal uncle, who at that time was occupying Egypt outside Alexandria, theoretically in defence of his interests, and was crowned in Memphis9, returned to Alexandria on the withdrawal of Syrian forces and rejoined the joint regime around September/October 16910, temporarily deposed with Cleopatra II by Ptolemy VIII between 21 Thoth and 6 Hathyr Year 7 (of the joint regime) = between 23 October and 7 December 16411, restored by the Alexandrian mob in summer 163, deposing Ptolemy VIII12, victor in the Panathenaia in (most probably) 16212.1 and 15812.2, briefly accepted then repudiated the role of king of Syria at Antioch c. June 14513, died c. July 145 from head injuries suffered when attacked after a fall from his horse in the battle of Oinoparas against Alexander Balas14, succeeded by Ptolemy VIII15.

Ptolemy VI's titles as king of Egypt were:16

Horus               Tnj-m-xt snsn-@pw-AnX-msxn(t).sn17
Two Ladies        m-MAat sxaj.n-sw-jt.f18
Golden Horus      wr-pHtj nb-HAbw-sd-mj-PtH-&ATnn-jt-nTrw jty-mj-Ra19
Throne Name      jwa-n-nTrwj-prwj stp-n-PtH-#prj jrj-MAat-Jmn-Ra20
Son of Re          ptwlmjs anx-Dt mrj-PtH21

Ptolemy VI married his sister Cleopatra II, queen of Egypt22, by whom he had at least four children23: Ptolemy Eupator24, Ptolemy25, Cleopatra Thea26 and Cleopatra III27, and possibly Berenice28.

Update Notes:

10 Feb 2002: Added individual trees
22 Feb 2002: Split into separate entry
19 May 2002: Corrected Egyptian date equations as necessary
26 Jan. 2003: Expanded discussion of retroactive joint dates and extensions of the period of the coregency (n. 12) and a possible year 16 (n. 10).
10 Feb 2003: Further elaboration on late joint dates after examination of Bresciani's article on JdE 55941.
16 April 2003: Noted Chauveau's redating of JdE 55941 and looked at possible alternate dates for gr Medinet Habu 48 -- thanks to Andreas Blasius
18 May 2003: Added Xrefs to the Lacus Curtius edition of Polybius
23 Aug 2003: Added Xrefs to online Justin, crosscheck of Walbank's anaysis of the date of the anakleteria
23 Oct 2003: Added Xrefs to the Lacus Curtius edition of Polybius that I missed the first time
22 Feb 2004: Broke out Berenice, fiancee of Attalus III, as a possible daughter.
24 Feb 2004: Updated Xref to LacusCurtius Plutarch.
13 Sep 2004: Add Xref to online Eusebius.
19 Oct 2004: Removed redundant discussion of Roman chronology.
16 Dec 2004: Added notices of his Panathenaia victories in 182(!), 162 and 158.
13 Jan 2005: Consolidated Neos Philopator-related issues under Memphites.
11 Mar 2005: Added Greek transcription, links to DDBDP pOxy 3.491, 495
3 Dec 2005: Rework discussion of Porphyry's evidence on the date of the start of the coregency
14 Sep 2006: Add links to Packard Huimanities DB, Canon at Attalus
26 Oct 2006: Note and adopt Mitford's argument for a birthmonth of Pharmouthi
16 Jan 2007: Add discussion of SEG 8.694 as evidence for the exact birthday of Ptolemy VI
22 Feb 2007: Corrected date of pMallawi 602/11 from 10 Pharmouthi to 14 Mesore (thanks to Mark Depauw)
28 Nov 2010: Fix broken DDbDPlinks, add new BIFAO links

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