Ptolemy II


Ptolemy II Philadelphus1, king of Egypt, son of Ptolemy I by Berenice I2, born 309/8 on Cos3, official birthday 12 Dystros (Mac.) = c. 10 February 3084, made coregent by Ptolemy I between c. 25 Dystros year 39 (Mac.) = c. 28 February 2845, succeeded to sole rule probably Artemisios/Daisios year 41 (Mac.) = c. April - June 2826, victor in the chariot races in the Olympic Games of an unknown Olympiad6.1, incorporated in the dynastic cult with Arsinoe II in year 13 (Mac.) = 273/2 or 14 (Mac.) = 272/1 as the Sibling Gods, Qeoi Adelfoi7, made Ptolemy "the Son" coregent late 2678, removed him in late 2599, died probably 25 Dios year 39 (Mac.) = c. 28 January 246 = 7 Choiak year 39 (Eg.) and was succeeded by Ptolemy III10.

Ptolemy II's titles as king of Egypt were:11

Horus               Hwnw onj12             
Two Ladies        wr-pHtj13
Golden Horus      sxaj.n-sw jt.f14
Throne Name     wsr-kA-n-Ra mrj-Jmn15
Son of Re          ptlmjs

Ptolemy II had two marriages and many known liaisons16.

Ptolemy II first married Arsinoe I, daughter of Lysimachus, king of Thrace and Macedon, by whom he had Ptolemy III, Lysimachus, and Berenice Phernophorus17.

Ptolemy II second married his full sister Arsinoe II, by whom he had no children18. He may have adopted her son by a previous marriage, Ptolemy19. He caused Arsinoe II posthumously to adopt the children of Arsinoe I20.

Ptolemy II conducted a liaison with Bilistiche21, who was probably the mother of Ptolemy Andromachou by him22.

Ptolemy II further conducted liaisons with Cleino, Didyme, Mnesis, Myrtion, Pothine and Stratonice23. He is also supposed to have conducted liaisons with Agathoclea24, Aglais25, Glauce26 and Hippe27. No children are known or conjectured from any of these relationships.

[16] On Sethe's theory that Ptolemy II also married an Egyptian princess descended from Nectanebo I see here. Ý

[17] Schol. Theocritus 17.128. Ý

[18] Pausanias 1.7.1, Schol. Theocritus 17.128. Ý

[19] See discussion under Ptolemy "the Son". Ý

[20] Schol. Theocritus 17.128. Ý

[21] Athenaeus 13.576e-f. Ý

[22] See discussion under Ptolemy Andromachou. Ý

[23] Athenaeus 13.576e-f. Ý

[24] Athenaeus 13.576e-f. See discussion under Agathoclea. Ý

[25] Athenaeus 10.415a,b. See discussion under Aglais. Ý

[26] Aelian, De Naturae Animalium 8.11. See discussion under Glauce. Ý

[27] Athenaeus 13.583a-b. See discussion under Hippe. Ý

Update Notes:

10 Feb 2002: Added individual trees
20 Feb 2002: Split into separate entry
28 Jan 2003: Updated latest entry on Ptolemy "the Son" coregency (n. 9).
24 Feb 2004: Added Xrefs to online Parian Marble, birthday inscription
11 Nov 2004: Added discussion of Egyptian dates for death of Ptolemy II
11 Nov 2004: Better bounding dates for the end of the coregency with Ptolemy "the Son"
27 Nov 2004: Added Posidippos epigram mentioning his Olympic victory.
19 Feb 2005: Noted the Pausanias ref that probably refers to the same victory.
27 Feb 2005: Discussed possible dates of Ptolemy's Olympic victory.
11 Mar 2005: Added Greek transcription, link to Bevan
13 Dec 2005: Adjusted Macedonian date conversions to reflect revised discussions under Ptolemy I
12 Sep 2006: Added link to Packard Humanities epigraphical DB, Canon at Attalus
20 June 2007: Added link to SEG 27.1114, giving birth date, in PHI
20 Nov 2010: Fix broken Perseus and DDbDP links
17 Jan 2011: Add Hippe to the list of candidate mistresses

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